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Greenland "MELT"

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Greenland ice edges with Raven and Summit

From May through August 2024 in Greenland, the ICECAPS research team will deploy the autonomous "MELT" (MEasurements along Langrangian Transects) research platform to observe the fully coupled climate system in the Greenland percolation zone at "Raven Camp", the red dot on the map to the right. Here, we will observe somewhere around 30 days of surface melt per year and hopefully gain critical insight into the detailed processes that are changing the ice sheet. The MELT platform runs exclusively on solar and wind renewable energy, transmits data in realtime for research and model evaluation, and measures information critical to understanding the future of Greenland ice sheet.

The scientific goal of the MELT project is to characterize and understand the complete suite of important physical processes in the region of the Greenland ice sheet where melt regularly occurs and that melt percolates into the firn. From several meters below the firn surface to several kilometers into the atmosphere. As the global climate warms, with impacts magnified by Arctic amplification, this melting regime will continue to expand spatially therefore making measurements from the platform essential to our understanding of the changing climate.

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This project is jointly funded by the National Science Foundation’s Directorate of Geosciences (NSF/GEO) and the National Environment Research Council (UKRI/NERC) of the United Kingdom and is part of the NSF's Arctic Observing Network (AON). Funding also provided by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Logos of the funding institutions